A manufacturer produces a feeding mix for pet animals.
The feed mix contains two nutritive ingredients and one ingredient
(filler) to provide bulk.
One kg of feed mix must contain a minimum quantity of each of four
nutrients as below:
Nutrient
A
B
C
D
gram
80
50
25
5
The ingredients have the following nutrient values and cost
(gram/kg)
A
B
C
D
Cost/kg
Ingredient 1
100
50
40
10
40
Ingredient 2
200
150
10

60
Filler




0
The linear inverse models LIMBlending and LIMinputBlending are generated
from the file Blending.input
which can be found in subdirectory /examples/LinearProg of the
package directory
LIMBlending is generated by function Setup
LIMinputBlending is generated by function Read
The problem is to find the composition of the feeding mix that minimises
the production costs subject to the constraints above.
Stated otherwise: what is the optimal amount of ingredients in one kg
of feeding mix?
Mathematically this can be estimated by solving a linear programming problem:
min(∑ {Cost_i*x_i})
subject to
x_i>=0
Ex=f
Gx>=h
Where the Cost (to be minimised) is given by:
x_1*40+x_2*60
The equality ensures that the sum of the three fractions equals 1:
1 = x_1+x_2+x_3
And the inequalities enforce the nutritional constraints:
100*x_1+200*x_2>80
50*x_1+150*x_2>50
and so on
The solution is Ingredient1 (x1) = 0.5909, Ingredient2 (x2)=0.1364
and Filler (x3)=0.2727.
Usage
LIMBlending
LIMinputBlending
Format
LIMBlending is of type lim, which is a list of matrices,
vectors, names and values that specify the linear inverse model problem.
see the return value of Setup for more information about
this list
LIMinputBlending is of type liminput, see the return value of
Read for more information.
A more complete description of these structures is in vignette("LIM")
contains "blending.input", the input file; read this with Setup
LIMTakapoto, LIMEcoli and many others
Examples
# 1. Solve the model with linear programming
res < Linp(LIMBlending, ispos = TRUE)
# show results
print(c(res$X, Cost = res$solutionNorm))
# 2. Possible ranges of the three ingredients
(xr < Xranges(LIMBlending, ispos = TRUE))
Nx < LIMBlending$NUnknowns
# plot
dotchart(x = as.vector(res$X), xlim = range(xr),
labels = LIMBlending$Unknowns,
main = "Optimal blending with ranges",
sub = "using linp and xranges", pch = 16)
segments(xr[ ,1], 1:Nx, xr[ ,2], 1:Nx)
legend ("topright", pch = c(16, NA), lty = c(NA, 1),
legend = c("Minimal cost", "range"))
# 3. Random sample of the three ingredients
# The inequality that all x > 0 has to be added!
blend < LIMBlending
blend$G < rbind(blend$G, diag(3))
blend$H < c(blend$H, rep(0, 3))
xs < Xsample(blend)
pairs(xs, main = "Blending, 3000 solutions with xsample")
Results
R version 3.3.1 (20160621)  "Bug in Your Hair"
Copyright (C) 2016 The R Foundation for Statistical Computing
Platform: x86_64pclinuxgnu (64bit)
R is free software and comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY.
You are welcome to redistribute it under certain conditions.
Type 'license()' or 'licence()' for distribution details.
R is a collaborative project with many contributors.
Type 'contributors()' for more information and
'citation()' on how to cite R or R packages in publications.
Type 'demo()' for some demos, 'help()' for online help, or
'help.start()' for an HTML browser interface to help.
Type 'q()' to quit R.
> library(LIM)
Loading required package: limSolve
Loading required package: diagram
Loading required package: shape
> png(filename="/home/ddbj/snapshot/RGM3/R_CC/result/LIM/LIMBlending.Rd_%03d_medium.png", width=480, height=480)
> ### Name: LIMBlending
> ### Title: A blending problem specification
> ### Aliases: LIMinputBlending LIMBlending
> ### Keywords: datasets
>
> ### ** Examples
>
>
> # 1. Solve the model with linear programming
> res < Linp(LIMBlending, ispos = TRUE)
>
> # show results
> print(c(res$X, Cost = res$solutionNorm))
Cost
0.5909091 0.1363636 0.2727273 31.8181818
>
>
> # 2. Possible ranges of the three ingredients
> (xr < Xranges(LIMBlending, ispos = TRUE))
min max
PINGREDIENT1 0.5 1.0000000
PINGREDIENT2 0.0 0.5000000
PFILLER 0.0 0.2727273
> Nx < LIMBlending$NUnknowns
>
> # plot
> dotchart(x = as.vector(res$X), xlim = range(xr),
+ labels = LIMBlending$Unknowns,
+ main = "Optimal blending with ranges",
+ sub = "using linp and xranges", pch = 16)
> segments(xr[ ,1], 1:Nx, xr[ ,2], 1:Nx)
> legend ("topright", pch = c(16, NA), lty = c(NA, 1),
+ legend = c("Minimal cost", "range"))
>
> # 3. Random sample of the three ingredients
> # The inequality that all x > 0 has to be added!
> blend < LIMBlending
> blend$G < rbind(blend$G, diag(3))
> blend$H < c(blend$H, rep(0, 3))
>
> xs < Xsample(blend)
Warning message:
In lsei(E = E, F = F, G = G, H = H) : No equalities  setting type = 2
>
> pairs(xs, main = "Blending, 3000 solutions with xsample")
>
>
>
>
>
> dev.off()
null device
1
>